Vulshinmesi

VSO

Noun Cases:

grammatical
nominative: -n
genitive [‘s]: -in
accusative [whole object]: -san
partitive [incomplete object/part of the object]: -an
ergative [subjects of transitive verbs]: -ve-
plural: -ek

derivative
adjectival [doing or having (noun)]: -tara
agentive: -ibi
augmentative: tuto-
collective [collection of]: -tarvo
diminutive: neng-
formal [like]: -sharen
locative [place]: -kte

locative (internal)
elative [from (inside)]: -rwan
illative [into]: -pwin
inessive [in]: -twa

locative (external)
ablative [from]: -qua
adessive [at, on]: -eho
allative [to (outside)/onto]: -ehan
apudessive [beside/next to]: -epoz
benefactive [for _]: -enthaf
circulative [around]: -iflu
intrative [between/among]: -aiti
postessive [behind/rear]: -efin
pre-essive [in front]: -nife
subessive [below]: -zata
superessive [above]: -ataz

marginal
abessive [without, -less]: -tzwen
comitative [together (with)]: -swen
essive [as]: -en
instructive [with, using]: -twen
translative [into (transformation)]: -quen

verb conjugation: [verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+[mood]
possessive: [case]+[possessive]

Verb Conjugation:

Cases:
shw-: 1st singular
zw-: 2nd singular
ngw-: 3rd singular
shung-: 1st plural
zung-: 2nd plural
ngung-: 3rd plural

-in: possessive
-ung: plural

-zun: your
-zungin: your [plural]
-zungontin: all of your

Articles:
some: -nek
this: -ent
these: -entek
that: -ez
the: -is
all: -onti

Derivative Aspects:
captative: -exaalf
causative [“to cause to…”]: -tong
frequentive: -afa
momentane [sudden/short-lived]: -nata

Tenses:
near past: -owa-
remote past: -o’owa-
present: -i-
perfect: -un-
imperfect: -nu-
pluperfect: -unu-
future: -ui-
future-in-the-past: -o’oi-
far/unforeseeable future: -u’ui-

Affirmative Verb Moods

indicative:
[verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+n
conditional:
[verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+mz
potential:
[verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+imt
hypothetic:
[verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+th
imperative
[verb]+[aspect]+[case]+[tense]+ng

Negative Verb Moods

indicative:
[verb]+[aspect]+n+[tense]+[case]
conditional:
[verb]+[aspect]+mz+[tense]+[case]
potential:
[verb]+[aspect]+imt+[tense]+[case]
hypothetic:
[verb]+[aspect]+th+[tense]+[case]
imperative
[verb]+[aspect]+ng+[tense]+[case]

Morphological Shifts

plo-: verb>noun
-en: noun>adjective

questionizer: -i:z

Lexicon

aifa: bird
aip: bone
bebti: sail
eitsi: say
elsha: sky
enepi: sun
enun: to have
etza: mad
fiza: word
fwati: realm
gepon: man
ifi: dream
ifibi: dreamer
ine-: moose
inon: to be
jinta: to lead
jintibi: chief/king
kinsa: dog
mesi: sea
mesin: sea-
mu: land
navo: horse
nemfi: star
netiab: slay
netiabafa: to fight
netiabafatara: fight/companion
neva: see
nutu: mist
otiom: blood
sepe: snake
shvata: iron
sinti: blue
taiza: brightness
taizain: bright
taltza: cloud
tepa: island
tha: foam
thema: fruit
then: foamy
thifo-: to fear
thu: fire
tovia: silver
tutofwati: world
tutojintibi: emperor
tutomu: continent [big land]
tutozaimo: nation
var: red (color)
varin: red (adjective)
vazio-: north
vusho-: white
yetza: and
zaimo: tribe
zirtha: hoof
zonz: justice
zonzen: just

“Ngusutexaalfingunun zeho nenovungis mesinbetzekin.
Suntafangungnun zeho Betzekis Velamin mesepoz nenanektwa
Pa yonginrebatwangungin
Pa fezanafangungnun ongirehok baikinorin
Ploziptafeho mesinongirinlequarqua.”

[The sea-maids’ house is yonder always residing.
Wellamo maids there frequent inside their rooms-by-the-sea
And in their watery caves
And rest always on the rainbow-colored-rocks
On the prominence of the sea-cliffs]

“Yonder is the home of sea-maids,
There the maidens of Wellamo,
Live there in their sea-side chambers,
Rest within their water-caverns,
On the rocks of rainbow colors,
On the juttings of the sea-cliffs.”

(Wainomenon’s Lament)
Kalevala (Kalevala)

“”

[A man’s own land becomes always most dear
A man’s own food tastes always most sweet
A man’s own home shows always the most beauty]

“One’s own country is the dearest
One’s own table is the sweetest
One’s own home, the most attractive.”

WAINAVOINEN’S rescue
kalevala